As transit agencies modernize their fare payment systems, digital payment methods are becoming more widespread. Many transit agencies are allowing use of open loop payments with credit and debit cards. But Japan has rapidly built out a very different — and on the surface complicated — digital payments system. Daniel Heppner explains the differences and how Japan’s Suica model could be a batter path for transit agencies.

Article Author

Stephen is a professional urban planner in Puget Sound with a passion for sustainable, livable, and diverse cities. He is especially interested in how policies, regulations, and programs can promote positive outcomes for communities. With stints in great cities like Bellingham and Cork, Stephen currently lives in Seattle. He primarily covers land use and transportation issues and has been with The Urbanist since 2014.