At a formal signing event this afternoon (1.30pm), Mayor Ed Murray will sign Seattle’s new Comprehensive Plan (Seattle 2035) into law. The plan is an important asset to the city, carrying forward community values and objectives that policymakers and technicians alike rely upon to craft and enhance policy. The full document stands at more than 500 pages broken up into 14 Elements (e.g., Community Involvement, Land Use, Cultural and Historic Preservation, and Economic Development), dozens of Neighborhood Plans, and a series of Appendices.

The plan is built upon foundational background data like race, age, housing composition, income, growth trends, and more. In fact, population and employment growth are one of the most important inputs since increases in either category create a new needs like additional transportation, sewer, and development capacity to support them in addition to baseline needs. By 2035, Seattle is expected to grow by at least 120,000 residents, 70,000 housing units, and 115,000 jobs. The adopted plan recommits to the Urban Village Strategy focusing most new growth in urban centers and urban villages:

 Housing (% of 70,000 Units Citywide)Employment (% of 115,000 Jobs Citywide)
Urban Centers
Downtown17.1%30.4%
First Hill-Capitol Hill8.6%2.6%
University District5%4.4%
Northgate4.3%5.2%
South Lake Union10.7%13%
Uptown4.3%2.2%
Manufacturing/Industrial Centers
Duwamish0%5.2%
Ballard-Interbay0%2.6%
Total50%65.7%
 Expected Housing Growth Rate*Expected Job Growth Rate*
Hub Urban Villages
With very good transit service**
- Ballard
- West Seattle Junction
60%50%
With high displacement risk, regardless of the level of transit service
- Bitter Lake Village
- Mt. Baker (North Rainier)
40%50%
Other hub urban villages
- Fremont
- Lake City
40%50%
Residential Urban Villages
With very good transit service**
- Crown Hill
- Roosevelt
50%N/A
With high displacement risk, regardless of the level of transit service
- 23rd & Union-Jackson
- Columbia City
- North Beacon Hill
- Othello
- Rainier Beach
- South Park
- Westwood-Highland Park
30%N/A
Other residential urban villages
- Admiral
- Aurora-Licton Springs
- Eastlake
- Green Lake
- Greenwood-Phinney Ridge
- Madison-Miller
- Morgan Junction
- Upper Queen Anne
- Wallingford
30%N/A
*Percentage growth above the actual number of housing units or jobs in 2015, except in urban villages where actual zoning capacity constrains percentage growth to less than shown in the table. No job growth rate is assigned to residential villages.
**Very good transit service means either a light rail station or a RapidRide bus service plus at least one other frequent bus route.

We’ve covered the update process nearly from its beginnings and well into the legislative process.

Seattle 2035: EIS Scoping and Comprehensive Plan Alternatives

DEIS Issued for Seattle 2035 Comprehensive Plan

Seattle 2035: Explore the Draft Plan and Weigh In

Seattle 2035 Approved, Move-In Fee Reform Held Back

PLUZ Committee Discusses Seattle 2035 Again, But Future Land Use Changes Remain A Question

Stakeholders from the public, hardworking planning and support staff, and City politicians from the Mayor to Council all deserve commendations for a rigorous public involvement process and commitment to building the best possible plan. But like any plan, it won’t be perfect: new issues will arise and invariably annual amendments will be necessary to keep pace with an evolving city. We already know what some of those are, including three Council-approved topics for 2017: updated industrial lands policies; possible Future Land Use Map (FLUM) changes in North Rainier, Eastlake, and Beacon Hill; and cultural and economic vitality policy changes in Chinatown/International District. Further policy changes could also come in the form of urban village expansions on the FLUM and complimentary text amendments to implement the Housing Affordability and Livability Agenda.

UPDATE (10/28/16): The Mayor has signed Seattle 2035 into law. The proof below.

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Stephen is an urban planner with a passion for promoting sustainable, livable, and diverse cities. He advocates for smart policies, regulations, and implementation programs that enhance urban environments by committing to quality design, accommodating growth, providing a diversity of housing choices, and adequately providing public services. Stephen primarily writes about land use and transportation issues.