Former Battery Tunnel Site Gets Green Light for Downtown School

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A photo of a green field with a chainlink fence and brick building with a white mural in the background.
A view of the Battery Tunnel Site in Belltown that has been approved for a future Downtown public elementary school. (Photo by author)

Neighborhood advocates, however, want the Belltown site to be more than a vacant lot during the interim period.

Mayor Jenny Durkan and Seattle Public School (SPS) Interim Superintendent Brent Jones have signed a letter of intent (LOI) opening up the opportunity for SPS to build an elementary school and park on the 1.6 acre former Battery Street Tunnel Site located between 1st and Western Avenue in Belltown. The letter acknowledges the “historic” growth of Seattle’s population, including Downtown, and cites that “planning for downtown schools is important to the educational future of Seattle.” It also calls for replacing Memorial Stadium, a 74-year-old SPS facility located at Seattle Center. The $66.5 million cost of the stadium replacement must first be approved by voters in a capital levy next February.

For the new elementary school to move ahead, the capital levy will also need to be approved by voters. If that happens, SPS would enter into long-term lease on the Battery Tunnel Site, and SPS and the City of Seattle will create a memorandum of understanding (MOU) that will last until 2031, providing SPS time to finalize its decision making. In the interim, the City will be responsible for making sure the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) contractor completes site improvements “consistent with plans and specifications that SPS has reviewed.” The City must also “maintain the site during the period of option at its own expense.”

However, by granting SPS ten years — with an option of an extension — to make its final decision on the Battery Tunnel Site, neighborhood advocates like Belltown United, a volunteer-run organization including representatives from the Belltown Business District and Community Council, are faced with watching land they would like to be used by the community enter into an extended limbo.

Currently, the vacant lot is covered with fragrant grass and clover, providing a compelling preview of what a future park might look like, but it is also separated from the neighborhood by a chainlink fence. Belltown United has called on the City to make a plan for how it will activate and maintain the site while SPS completes its decision making.

A photo of a chainlink fence surrounding a green field with tall buildings in the background.
Chainlink fence surrounds the former south portal site of the Battery Street Tunnel. (Photo by author)

Belltown neighborhood groups have been rallying around the cause of creating a park at the Battery Tunnel Site for years. Recharge the Battery even went as far as to create renderings of concepts for the future park and engage in community outreach. During the same period, Mayor Durkan agreed to allocate funding for planning and development of the site in 2019, but according to Belltown United those funds were frozen in January 2020.

A rendering shows a triangle shaped green park with trees surrounded by buildings and streets.
A rendering of an orchard concept for the Battery Tunnel Site in Belltown. (Credit: Recharge the Battery)

Rumors of a Downtown school being built on the Battery Tunnel Site also persisted for years as the site dangled on the periphery of the Waterfront Seattle mega project, but until now there has been no clarity as to SPS’s intentions. The LOI solidifies SPS’s interest in the site, but also pushes certainty around its future further down the road.

Planning for a Downtown elementary school

The question as to whether or not SPS will create a future Downtown elementary school can be reduced to a single word: capacity. SPS can only commit to building new schools once it demonstrates it needs the additional capacity. Currently, SPS operates 62 elementary schools and ten K-8 schools across the city. Elementary aged students living in all areas of Downtown Seattle are zoned to attend Lowell Elementary School in Capitol Hill.

A map of central Seattle outlines the  boundaries for elementary schools, with no elementary schools close to Downtown.
A map representing the current school zone boundaries for Seattle Public Schools in Downtown Seattle and adjacent areas. (Credit: Seattle Public Schools)

According to the most recent data available on SPS’s school report card, Lowell Elementary currently has an enrollment of about 279 students. About 70% of Lowell students are identified as low-income, and 20% are identified as homeless, the highest percentage of any SPS school. KUOW reported on the struggles of Lowell’s students and staff in a 2017 article which attributed the large number of homeless students to the fact that many of the children lived in shelters located Downtown.

Over the three quarters of Lowell’s students are also identified as children of color. The LOI makes reference to the “systemic racial inequities still present in Seattle and in the educational system” and agrees that both the project to build a Downtown school and replace Memorial Stadium “must advance equity.” Whether or not it building a Downtown elementary school will be assessed as equitable remains to be seen, but evidence indicates long school commutes negatively impact children’s health and wellness.

In terms of enrollment capacity, while the number of children living in Seattle has been rising steadily in recent years, the percentage of children 18 and under living the Downtown area remains modest, with the figure hovering between three and four percent, according to data from the 2020 census. However, it is notable that the census tracts making up the South Lake Union neighborhood had some of the highest percentages of children in the Downtown area, with census tract 72.02, located right in the center of SLU, at 4.6%. Given the consistent pace of residential construction in SLU, it is not unforeseeable that a new elementary school may be needed Downtown.

How can the City and Belltown community activate the Battery Tunnel Site?

A photo show seven adults standing in front of a chainlink fence holding a huge check for $25,000 awarded to Belltown United by the King County Council.
King County Councilmember Jeanne Kohl-Welles poses with members of Belltown United in front of the Battery Tunnel (Portal) Site. (Credit: Belltown United)

In the midst of the uncertainty surrounding the Battery Tunnel Site, Belltown United has sprung into action. The organization was awarded $25,000 for youth and amateur sports and recreation this summer, and at the same time it also launched an ambitious mural project called By Belltown, which was designed and installed by Aaron Asis, one of the co-founders of Recharge the Battery.

By Belltown, which was financed in part by neighborhood activation funding from Metropolitan Improvement District, illustrates both Belltown’s history and what present day residents love about the neighborhood. Asis said the “cornerstone mural” installed at 1st Avenue and Battery Street overlooking the Battery Tunnel Site, was intended to create some of the community stewardship and activation Belltown residents desire for space.

“In creating the mural there, I wanted to propose something feel-good that got some of the bad taste out of people’s mouths, so we can talk about the tunnel in a way that is not polarizing or controversial,” Asis said. “We had a conversation about how to activate building faces instead of storefronts, and I thought why can’t we can’t we tie in images from the past? And why can’t we put on display some of the words, reactions, and responses from the community today?”

The images for the murals were taken from photographs in the Seattle Municipal Archive, each mural illustrating an image from the past that connects to its exact location. On Battery Street, that means a photograph taken during the construction of the now defunct vehicle tunnel which ran beneath it for 65 years.

A photo of a black and white mural of a tunnel on the side of a one story building with a road construction sign in front of it.
A mural on Battery Street shows what the Battery Street Tunnel looked like during its construction. (Photo by author)

At the Battery Tunnel Site, which was the location of the tunnel’s southern portal, one half of mural illustrates the portal’s construction, an image of rebar and concrete that contrasts strongly against the greenery of the current day vacant lot. The other half of the mural poses the question, “What do you love about Belltown?” and lists responses from residents below.

“The [Battery Street Tunnel Site] is not dead to use or anyone else in terms of connections in the city. We are trying to rebuild relationships in the the neighborhood and our relationship to the street,” Asis said. “One of the amazing things about art is that it does a lot but nothing at the same time — it pauses you and inspires you to have a thought you didn’t have before. I think that’s what we are trying to do now with Belltown United. I’ve always been a huge advocate that it’s always smarter to reference the past before you move forward.”

While many questions remain around the future of the Battery Tunnel Site, one thing remains certain. Both the City and SPS will find engaged neighborhood partners once they commit to funding and planning for interim uses for the vacant lot while SPS completes its decision making and planning around the future Downtown school.

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Natalie Bicknell Argerious (she/her) is Managing Editor at The Urbanist. A passionate urban explorer since childhood, she loves learning how to make cities more inclusive, vibrant, and environmentally resilient. You can often find her wandering around Seattle's Central District and Capitol Hill with her dogs and cat. Email her at natalie [at] theurbanist [dot] org.

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Melissa Westbrook

Where to start? So first, I am a long-time Seattle Schools district observer/critic and, for a decade, wrote the most widely-read public education blog. (I had stopped writing but when I realized that due to COVID, I could still cover all the meetings virtually, I opened up the blog.)

I will talk about the downtown school but please know that this is all tied to the City and the district deciding what will happen to Memorial Stadium as well as the renovation of Seattle Center where currently the district leases space for a small high school, The Center School.

The downtown school idea has been around a long time. Naturally, there is a chicken-and-egg issue about “if you build it, will they come” because there are not enough kids to fill a school especially when Lowell Elementary, which is relatively nearby, is under enrolled.

So my understanding, from reading the district’s levy materials on BTA V, is that the $66.5M for Memorial Stadium is part of the levy and not a separate one. The district may try to create another levy but then that would be not one, not two but three school levies. (The district also has a very expensive Operations levy to run.)

The City wants to offer a 10-year lease for a new school? And then what, charge rent? The district should NOT go anywhere near that idea.

But if you look at history, you could see what should have happened. In 2014, the federal government announced that they would no longer need the Federal Reserve Building in Downtown Seattle. The way it would work is that if there were another governmental entity that could use the building, the feds would give that entity the building and the land…for free. Both the district and a homeless group expressed interest.

The address was 1015 2nd Avenue which is near the public library and would have been a great site for a school. The catch was that the district had to have it up and running as a school in three years. The entire bottom floor was vaults so you could see how renovations might be a big lift.

The district didn’t not have the capital funding gamely but tried to find it. Know what would have REALLY helped? All these big businesses downtown to kick the money in (and the district, of course, would pay it back). The Downtown Seattle Association could have tried to help and round up the money. But no one did.

So that opportunity for a downtown school on free land with a building already on it was lost.

The next step was an auction and again, the district gamely tried (I think they offered $17M) but they lost to a developer.

Here’s a link to my post about Memorial Stadium with links to more history. There are actually people out there that do know the history.

https://saveseattleschools.blogspot.com/2021/10/memorial-stadium-revamp-here-we-go-again.html

D C

This article kind of brushed past re-building memorial stadium but i think that’s a fantastic idea! Imagine a space where:

A) The parking lot is REMOVED
B) The stadium stands are RETRACTABLE
C) The field is open to public usage during the day when events aren’t going on. That area could use more football, baseball, soccer, basketball, tennis, fields/courts/etc.

Chris Burke

Didn’t they fill the tunnel with busted-up concrete and rebar from the viaduct demolition? Wouldn’t that make construction of anything on that site problematic?

billt47

The site begins where the tunnel ended. At the upper left corner of the site you can see where the portal was. Cars entered the tunnel there, coming down on a curve off the viaduct, to go north on Aurora.

D C

Honestly demoing out old busted up concrete and rebar would be a piece of cake and just a small fraction of the overall project cost. Source: work in construction.

Michael Tardiff

The debris from the demolition of the Viaduct was ground-up with the rebar separated before being used to fill the tunnel. Lots of info on the associated sites and Seattle Times.

asdf2

Glad to see downtown finally getting a school!

If they are looking for a cheap interim way to activate the space, how about an off-leash dog park? The cost to set it up would be next to nothing – just small modifications to the existing fence.

Sarajane Siegfriedt

Seattle has more dogs than kids, yet only 14 off-leash dog parks vs several hundred play parks. Under current policy, all of them except Belltown are located as far away from people as possible, that is, Magnusson Park, Golden Gardens, I-5 and N 145th, the center of Woodland Park. We shouldn’t have to get in our cars to let our dogs chase a ball. The planning standard for the next Comprehensive Plan should be one dog park within 15 minutes of every Urban Hub/Village to give us complete 15-minute walkable neighborhoods.