Seattle Streetcar in Pioneer Square.
Seattle Streetcar in Pioneer Square.

The front page of yesterday’s The Seattle Times read “Seattle’s new streetcars may be too big for tracks.” It was a shocking headline–too shocking to be true. Both the South Lake Union and First Hill Streetcars use standard gauge tracks (1.435 meters) and so too will the Center City Connector streetcar that aims to link the two unconnected lines–if the project manages to survive the Durkan administration. Even if all three lines weren’t using standard gauge–and to be clear they are–streetcars are custom built; manufacturers adapt to specifications.

Mayor Durkan’s motivations in broadcasting streetcar doubts seems to betray a desire to kill the project, which is already on indefinite hold. Mayor Durkan paused streetcar construction in March, promised to release an independent review in June, delayed that and asked for streetcar alternatives to be studied, and is currently working with contractor KPMG–apparently on the hunt for more dirt–to now apparently be released in August.

By publicly raising these “will it fit” questions at a sensitive time while sitting on internal SDOT documents and the KPMG report that might shed some light, Mayor Durkan is burying the streetcar in bad press and likely knowingly. Let’s not overlook that she is accusing her own transportation agency of being so inept that it ordered streetcars that do not fit the tracks that it built. The Urbanist’s inquiries to Seattle Department of Transportation (SDOT) about the gauge and barn sizing issue were forwarded to the Mayor’s office. It could be the mayor is not allowing SDOT to comment on streetcar issues.

What’s At Stake?

Much is at stake as Mayor Durkan decides the fate of the Center City Connector streetcar. SDOT projected the Center City Connector would increase Seattle’s daily streetcar ridership to 20,000 in its first year, more than any bus in the region. One connected five-mile-long streetcar is simply much more useful than two disconnected stubby lines. Additionally, the Center City Connector would get exclusive right-of-way and the corridor facing serious capacity issues. The new line would be one of the highest quality transit corridors in the city. The streetcars ordered were longer and heavier because SDOT planned on them carrying heavier loads of passengers. The mayor cannot say she wants high ridership without getting on board with vehicles large enough to carry the load.

Chinatown-International District business owners pointed out that they toughed out the construction of the First Hill Streetcar with the promise the line would one day be connected to Downtown. Now, the City appears to be getting forgetful about those assurances. The pro-streetcar coalition couldn’t even get a meeting with the mayor for months. Finally, they got to sit down with Deputy Mayor Shefali Ranganathan on Tuesday, as David Gutman reported.

The Seattle Times front page story on July 25th 2018.

Mayor Durkan released her extensive list of questions (without revealing the answers) in a July 24th blog post; she also raised the “will it fit” question in her interview with KUOW on July 5th. Councilmember Lisa Herbold has been echoing the mayor’s concerns and likewise has seem bent on canceling the project for some time. She wrote on her blog that she had confirmed the mayor’s allegation that the streetcars wouldn’t fit in the maintenance barns. “Council Central Staff, on my request, has verified the accuracy of this report; it appears the error will require either a change order for the design of the streetcars or incur new costs for construction of new or retrofitted maintenance barns,” Herbold wrote.

The Urbanist toured the Seattle Streetcar Maintenance Facility in Chinatown International District back in 2015. (Photo by Nathan Barnett)

While the barn issue may have some validity, the fix does seem easy enough: just reconfigure or expand one of the barns (cough: parking lot). The cost may actually be rather minor. When it comes to track gauge, it’s not clear what the mayor is asserting.

Standard gauge isn’t just a name; it’s nearly universal on streetcar and light rail projects built in the US going back decades. The width of the vehicles are also nearly identical. “But the new streetcars do not seem to be wider than the current ones,” Gutman wrote in his front page story. “The contract requests streetcars that are 2.45 meters wide (about 8 feet), while Inekon says the current streetcars are 2.46 meters wide. And both sets of streetcars have a track gauge specified at an identical 1.435 meters.” Unfortunately, many more people read the headline than read below the fold.

Councilmember Rob Johnson said he’s not worried about the streetcar not fitting in Gutman’s follow-up story.

“I trust that we do this work all the time from a technical perspective, so I’m not concerned about those aspects of the project,” Councilmember Johnson said. “For me that’s an indication she clearly has put on her lawyer hat and has additional questions about those details. I don’t have the same level of concerns and I’d like to think that has something to do with my two decades of experience working in transportation.”

Who’s Leading SDOT?

Yesterday Erica Barnett reported that Mayor Durkan is planning to follow up soon-to-depart interim SDOT director Goran Sparrman with another interim director, likely promoting chief of staff Genessee Adkins.

Sparrman’s departure date is rapidly approaching, and Durkan has not announced his replacement, nor, apparently, does she plan to any time soon. Instead, The C Is for Crank has learned, will announce yet another interim director—reportedly Genessee Adkins, SDOT’s current chief of staff—and put off hiring a permanent director until this winter, possibly as late as January, according to sources close to the department. The ongoing lack of permanent leadership at the embattled agency, which is dealing with fallout from cost overruns on the delayed downtown streetcar as well as a vocal backlash from bike and pedestrian advocates over Durkan and Sparrman’s decision to delay implementation of the long-planned Fourth Avenue protected bike lane until 2021, has reportedly damaged morale at the agency and contributed to a sense of an agency in turmoil. Compounding the lack of leadership at the top is the fact that all four of SDOT’s deputy directors are also serving on an interim basis, as is the current chief of staff (Adkins is currently on leave), creating an org chart headed up almost entirely by people serving on an impermanent or contingent basis. (The org chart itself, unusually for a Seattle city agency, only includes the names of the seven people at the very top, followed by the general functions each of those people oversee.)

Mayor Durkan seems to have SDOT on a short leash. She apparently has identified management issues, but she’s not rushing to fix them based on Barnett’s reporting. For the sake of not only the streetcar project, but every capital project in the city, it’s imperative that SDOT gets leaders with mandates to lead rather than lingering on in an interim basis. It’d also help if the mayor was proactively supporting projects rather than sniping at them from the sidelines.

Mayor Durkan Refuses to Meet with Coalition Backing Center City Streetcar

Article Author
Owen Pickford holding a beer, wearing a Sounders shirt in front of a bridge, river and large towers in Tokyo.
Owen Pickford

Owen is a solutions engineer for a software company. He has an amateur interest in urban policy, focusing on housing. His primary mode is a bicycle but isn't ashamed of riding down the hill and taking the bus back up. Feel free to tweet at him: @pickovven.