In the 1960s and 1970s, pedestrian malls were seen as a way to save struggling shopping districts in cities across America during the rise of suburban sprawl. But many eventually got a bad wrap and closed in the following decades. Why was that? Which ones remain? And what is the secret sauce for success?

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Stephen is an urban planner with a passion for promoting sustainable, livable, and diverse cities. He advocates for smart policies, regulations, and implementation programs that enhance urban environments by committing to quality design, accommodating growth, providing a diversity of housing choices, and adequately providing public services. Stephen primarily writes about land use and transportation issues.