What It Would Take for Seattle to Lead on Climate

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A Route 33 trolley bus at the intersection 1st Avenue and Denny Way with low-rise apartment buildings behind.
Electric buses can jumpstart the process of weaning Seattle off fossil fuel based transportation. (Photo by Doug Trumm)

The United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued a report on Monday underscoring its past warnings that governments must act decisively and immediately to stave off climate catastrophe. Although many American leaders issued remarks in response, few could boast of having taken tangible actions to meaningfully change our current course — among them Seattle Mayor Jenny Durkan.

Yet Mayor Durkan often boasts of Seattle’s environmental leadership, and she did so again this week at a public event as part of Foreign Press Center’s Climate Mayors’ program.

“In Seattle, we’ve been taking very proactive steps for — in our battle against climate,” Mayor Durkan said in her speech. “Our greenhouse gas emissions come primarily from two areas — transportation infrastructure and transportation, and our buildings. So we’ve been pushing very hard to get our buildings to be more friendly for the climate, and I just signed one of the most aggressive energy codes in the country to move forward on that, as well as a pilot to develop buildings that are actually zero net emissions.” 

However, data shows that Seattle’s carbon footprint has crept up during Durkan’s tenure, and the Mayor has been notably hesitant to take aggressive actions to tackle the city’s number one source of emissions: transportation, which accounts for two-thirds of the city’s carbon output. Mayor Durkan had pledged to pass road congestion pricing in her first term, but later abandoned that pledge after conducting a preliminary study that led to a sketchy plan. The lack of specifics in her remarks hinted at that cloudy record on transit and climate.

“On the transportation side, we’re — we are really pushing as much as we can transit in every fashion, as well as the ability to have that seven-minute city where people can walk or roll to where they need to get,” she said.

Mayor Durkan’s record

Rhetoric aside, Mayor Durkan’s record on transit is underwhelming and rife with backsliding. A trip down memory lane shows little concerted climate work in action and not enough progress on encouraging people to ditch their cars and walk, roll, bike or ride transit. That’s too bad, because Seattleites have demonstrated a willingness to ditch their cars when presented with good alternatives.

  • Cut bus service. Durkan proposed drastically slashing the Seattle Transportation Benefit District in 2020, which had been a huge boost to the city’s bus service. Transit advocates — including The Urbanist — pushed the City to double that proposal. The Seattle City Council ultimately increased her proposal by 50%, but it still amounted to a cut to bus service over previous levels, which had benefitted from car tab funding temporarily blocked by anti-tax advocate Tim Eyman.
  • Delayed and cut RapidRide bus projects. While Mayor Durkan inherited a less than ideal situation with strained Move Seattle levy capital budgets, rather than finding a solution to deliver projects, she has shelved four promised rapid bus projects on the city’s busiest bus corridors and delayed the remaining three. This in turn will complicate the pitch for the city’s next transportation levy since Move Seattle has fallen well short of campaign pledges.
  • Slowwalked bus lanes. When Seattle tore down the Alaskan Way Viaduct on its downtown waterfront, the Move All Seattle Sustainably (MASS) Coalition (of which The Urbanist is a founding member) pushed the city to quickly add bus lanes to overcome the ensuing gridlock, which was dubbed “The Period of Maximum Constraint” by the City. Instead, the Durkan administration took a wait and see approach, only adding a few limited bus lanes after transit riders endured many months of delays, letting the opportunity to reprioritize street space go to waste and likely shedding bus riders in the process.
  • Failed to implement camera enforcement of bus lanes and crosswalks. In 2020, the Washington State Legislature passed legislation allowing Seattle to enact a pilot program to use automatic camera enforcement against motorists who illegally block bus lanes and block intersections and impede people walking and rolling in crosswalks. The City could have begun issuing tickets on January 1, 2021, but instead it just didn’t. So far, the City has only implemented the pilot in one spot on the West Seattle low bridge, which was an emergency measure to keep buses moving during the West Seattle high bridge closure and is not likely to be retained once the high bridge reopens next year. A climate mayor would be using the pilot to its fullest to save transit riders time and help pedestrians safely cross car-clogged streets.
  • Killed the Center City Connector Streetcar — twice. One of Mayor Durkan’s first transit moves in office was pausing work on the Center City Connector Streetcar in 2018. The next year, she reversed course and said she supported the streetcar and had a plan to deliver it belatedly in 2026, but it 2020 she shelved it again, citing the pandemic. The streetcar remains in limbo despite the promises made to communities, robust ridership projections, hopes of easing strain on buses downtown, and the option it creates for more accessible.
  • Killed a transit shelter upgrade plan that would have netted the city more transit revenue.
  • Slashed bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure budgets. Mayor Durkan’s budget proposals have cut bike and pedestrian infrastructure funding, including $21.5 million in her 2020 budget. Only though the efforts of advocates and the Seattle City Council have some projects been restored. The cuts, delays, and watering down of bike/pedestrian infrastructure will make it harder to access transit stops and get around the city without a car.
  • Did not implement any emission-free zones as promised by interim Mayor Tim Burgess before her and adopted in the City’s “electrification blueprint.”

We covered the Mayor’s quest for Seattle to become a 15-minute city, which has primarily been theoretical at this point. The idea is that every resident should be able to meet their basic needs — such as groceries, health care, pharmacies, park space, childcare, and cafes — within 15-minute walk or roll of their home. Moreover, sidewalks and street crossings should feel safe and connected enough that getting there is a comfortable experience for everyone — disabled people included. Most Seattle neighborhoods have not come close to realizing a 15-minute city concept, let alone a seven-minute one, but it’s a nice goalpost. Alas, identifying goalposts is not the same as actually scoring goals; it does not constitute climate action.

What city-led climate action looks like

What would leading on climate as a city actually look like? Despite Mayor Durkan playing a prominent role in international climate talks with the C40 Summit and other venues, Seattle hasn’t led by example nearly enough. Too often plans stay in the ideation mode rather than advancing swiftly to the action phase at the pace the climate emergency demands. And even then, the climate action plan adopted under Durkan’s tenure was not very bold. Some newfound boldness and reversals of Durkan policy are in order.

  • Rapid roll out of bus lanes to entice people into buses and keep the riders they do have. The Urbanist suggested some high-priority bus lane ideas and MASS put out a map as well.
  • Increase bus frequencies so that people don’t have to wait so long for the bus and buses are less crowded.
  • Build rapid transit projects sooner to give people more and faster transit options. New revenue could help deliver Sound Transit 3 sooner than current realignment plans and accelerate Metro Connects RapidRide plans.
  • Add tons of environmentally sustainable social housing particularly near rapid transit.
  • Pedestrianize streets to help people get around safely and promote street life and help small businesses. For example, Ballard Avenue restaurants and bars have seen a big uptick in business after they added pergolas and street cafes during the pandemic, replacing street parking spots. Seattle Greenways proposed a 130-mile network of open streets to add all ages and abilities bike and pedestrian arterials in just about every neighborhood in the city. These changes promote walking, rolling, and biking instead of driving and ridehailing.
  • Retrofit existing buildings for energy efficiency and climate performance. Replacing natural gas heating and cooking infrastructure with clean energy equivalents is a great goal, but mandates for new construction won’t solve for existing buildings’ energy use. That’s why programs encouraging building owners to retrofit their properties — and compensating low-income homeowners for the expense — are needed. Simple, affordable fixes like painting a roof white can have a huge impact on reducing solar gain.
  • Electrify everything. Phase out fossil fuels. Electrifying public transit and private vehicles with clean energy will wean the city off of petroleum and curb pollution. Funding to convert public fleets to electric and providing charging infrastructure is needed, as are mandates banning new internal combustion engine cars.

There certainly is a path forward for Seattle to lead on climate action and achieve its ambitious 2030 net-zero goal laid out in Seattle Green New Deal legislation. However, it’s not a path that Mayor Durkan has been adept at trailblazing forward, which is why new leadership sounds great about now.

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Doug Trumm is The Urbanist's Executive Director. An Urbanist writer since 2015, he dreams of pedestrianizing streets, blanketing the city in bus lanes, and unleashing a mass timber building spree to end the affordable housing shortage and avert our coming climate catastrophe. He graduated from the Evans School of Public Policy and Governance at the University of Washington. He lives in East Fremont and loves to explore the city on his bike.

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Sam

What if Seattle changes its name to Climate Pledge City?

Douglas Trumm

Lmao.

Bryce Kolton

🔥

Bike&climate

Nice job on this article. Lots of great ideas for transportation!

There’s more to be said about natural gas in buildings. It’s the #1 reason Seattle’s emissions are actually rising.

Due to state law, we cannot change the residential building code to require no-new-gas. Banning all new gas hookups is a good idea, but could face legal peril. As you note, it’s also hard to reach existing gas in older buildings. Two remaining options are to:

1) Tax natural gas use to create an incentive to switch/use less, and use the revenue for incentives to upgrade to heat-pumps or more efficient gas heating units. Can provide credits/lower rates to account for equity issues as in heating oil tax program.

2) Renegotiate the City’s franchise agreement with Puget Sound Energy to stop giving them a free pass to dig and lay pipes wherever they want. Instead, PSE should have to be removing their gas infrastructure or at least paying to mitigate the climate damage as part of the agreement.

All the city pols talk about natural gas, but I haven’t seen anyone committed to doing the hard stuff to actually get it done via steps 1 & 2 above.

asdf2

The best targets for existing homes to move off of natural gas are those that still have no air conditioning, or have only a very old air conditioner that is due for replacement.

With climate change, heat waves are becoming more common, and it is becoming increasingly important that every Seattle home have air conditioning. Once you’re already going through the expense of installing a new air conditioner, the additional cost of making it a two-way heat pump is relatively small, likely pays for itself over time through reduced energy bills, and could be offset by rebates.

Of course, replacing the furnace with a heat pump is often not sufficient to disconnect the natural gas supply entirely – there’s also the stove, water heater, and possibly the clothes dryer. But, it’s important to not let the perfect be the enemy of the good, and in nearly every home, the lion’s share of the gas consumption comes from the furnace, so that’s where the most avoided carbon emissions per dollar spent is going to be.